Assessment vs. Evaluation

Assessment is an ongoing process aimed at understanding and improving student learning. It involves making our expectations explicit and public; setting appropriate criteria and high standards for learning quality; systematically gathering, analyzing, and interpreting evidence to determine how well performance matches those expectations and standards; and using the resulting information to document, explain, and improve performance.” (Angelo, 1995, p. 7).



Formative: Ongoing to increase quality

Summative: at the end to judge quality

Process-Oriented: Provides feedback on how learning is going.

Product-Oriented: Measures the quality of what has been learnt at a particular moment.

Reflective: Involves internally defined criteria and goals.

Prescriptive: Compares learning outcomes with external standards/criteria.

Diagnostic: Aims at identifying areas of improvement.

Judgmental: Aims at providing an overall grade.

Flexible: Adjust as problems are clarified

Fixed: To reward success and punish failure

Absolute: Strive for ideal outcomes

Comparative: Makes a distinction between better and worse.

Cooperative: Learn from each other

Competitive: Beat each other out (pass or fail)